10 1/2-11 1/2" (26-29 cm). Black-brown, with buff-white stripes and red-brown dots and lines on the back and head. buff to white neck and breast streaked with brown; sides, flanks, and undertail coverts barred with brown. Short, orange tail is rounded. Extremely long, straight bill and short legs.
Similar Species- Dowitchers, American Woodcock
Call a scratchy zhak when flushed. Song, a measured chip-a, chip-a, chip-a, etc. In high aerial display, tail produces an eerie, pulsing huhuhuhuhuhuhuhu.
Breeds from northern Alaska, east through parts of Canada to Maritime Provinces, and south to southern Alaska, central California, eastern Arizona, New Mexico (probably), Colorado, and parts of Midwest, mid-Atlantic states, and New England. Winters from southern Alaska (rarely), southern British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, Utah, central U.S., and Virginia, south to South America.
Eats mostly insects (especially burrowing larvae), mollusks, crustaceans, and worms; sometimes eats seeds of sedges and grasses.
Nests in depression on ground, under concealing vegetation. When not breeding, forages singly or in loose groups. Feeds by probing into mud or soft soil, or taking some food on surface. Largely crepuscular in feeding, Nocturnal in migration. Usually roosts in flocks.
No references are available at this time.