14-20" (36-51 cm). Notice the rounded, not square, tail. Adult males are slate blue above, rusty barred below. Adult females are larger and brownish-blue above. Both have a darker cap, white undertail coverts, and red eyes. Juveniles are brown backed with a white breast and brown streaks on it. The eyes are yellow.
Similar Species- Sharp-shinned, and Cooper's Hawks, Northern Goshawk
Breeds from southern British Columbia, east to central Saskatchewan and Nova Scotia, and south to northern Mexico and southeastern United States. Winters from Washington, Colorado, southern Minnesota, southern Ontario, and New England, south to Middle America.
Eats mainly medium- size birds such as starlings, thrushes, and quail. Will also eat some birds up to size of adult Ruffed Grouse, small birds, small mammals, reptiles, and amphibians.
Secretive. Typically hunts from inconspicuous perch. Sometimes attracted to birds at feeders. Builds stick nest in coniferous or deciduous tree. In various areas, nesting density has been measured at 1 nest/730-2300 ha; nests are usually not closer than 1 km apart. Individuals maintain small territory centered on nest site. Annual mortality has been measured at about 80% in immatures, and 34% in adults. Idaho population is partially migratory -- pushed into lower elevations and into southern Idaho during winter.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
No references are available at this time