Psaltriparus minimus

Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Paridae
Family Description: Chickadees and Titmice

Physical Description:
3 3/4-4 1/2" (10-12 cm). Chestnut brown head with gray eye- stripe; gray back and dark brown wings; White below with chestnut flanksClick word for definition; long, dark brown tail; black bill. Males have dark eyes, females have yellow eyes.

Similar Species- Verdin, Lucy's Warbler, Gnatcatchers

Whisper-like, excited squeaks and twitters.

Resident in coastal ranges from southwestern British Columbia, south to southern Baja California. Also resident in interior from southern and southeastern Oregon, southwestern Idaho, north-central Utah, western Colorado, western Oklahoma, and central Texas, south into Mexico and Guatemala.

Found in woodlands, in scrub habitat with scattered trees and shrubs, along brushy streamsides, in pinyon/juniper, in juniper, in chaparral and pine/oak associations, and in trees and shrubs in residential areas. In Rocky Mountains, may be found at elevations up to 1800-2500 m.

Feeds primarily on spiders and insects (e.g., aphids, leafhoppers, scale insects, beetles, wasps, ants, and caterpillars). Will also eat some fruits.

Nests in hanging pocket in tree or shrub. Roosts in tightly huddled groups. Gleans prey from foliage while flitting about trees and shrubs. May forage in loose flocksClick word for definition. In winter, often found in mixed species flocks (kinglets, wrens, chickadees) that may number 20-50 birds.

clutchClick word for definition size is usually 5-7 eggs, but may sometimes number 15. Incubation lasts 12-13 days. Nestlings are altricialClick word for definition, are tended by both parents, and leave nest in 14-15 days.

Element Code: ABPAY01010
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4
National Rank: N5

Important State References:
No references are available at this time.

Song recorded by C. S. Robbins. ©1999.
Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.