Corvus corax
(Common Raven)

Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Corvidae
Family Description: Crows and Jays

Physical Description:
21 1/2-27" (55-69 cm). A large, all black bird with a large bill, long wings, and long, wedge-shaped tail.

Similar Species- Chihuahuan Raven, American Crow

A loud, low, croaking krock.

Resident from northernmost North America, south to southern Baja California, Nicaragua, and Texas. Also resident east of Rockies from southern Saskatchewan, northeastern Minnesota, northern Michigan, and northern New England, south to Appalachians and (locally) northern Georgia.

Found in various situations from lowlands to mountains, open country to forested regions, and humid regions to deserts, but found most frequently in hilly or mountainous areas, especially in vicinity of cliffs.

Opportunistic; commonly eats birds' eggs and young rodents, some fruits, cereal grains, and insects. In some areas, species is largely a scavenger on various animals.

Builds cup-shaped nest in tree, on cliff, or on human-built structure. Forages on ground. CachesClick word for definition food. May hunt in groups. roostsClick word for definition communally in winter. Southwestern Idaho study found ravens spent 54% of day in agricultural land, 23% in shrub, 13% in grass, and 6% in riparianClick word for definition habitat.

Female incubatesClick word for definition 3-7 eggs (usually 3-6), for 18-21 days. Male feeds female during incubation. Young are tended by both parents, and leave nest in 5-6 wk.

Element Code: ABPAV10110
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5
National Rank: N5

Important State References:
Engel, K.A. and L.S. Young. 1992. Movements and habitat use by common ravens from roost sites in southwestern Idaho. J. Wildl. Manage. 56:596-602.

Photo by C. S. Robbins,© 2002
Design by Ean Harker 1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.