Carpodacus mexicanus
(House Finch)

Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Fringillidae

Family Description: Finches, Crossbills, and Grosbeaks

Physical Description:
5-5 3/4" (13-15 cm). Red head and breast; streaked gray elsewhere. Thick, short bill. The female is mostly a brownish-gray with diffuse streaks on her breast.

Similar Species- Male Purple Finch, Male Cassin's Finch, Pine Siskin

Warbling song with an upward, burry ending. Call is a burry chirp.

From southern British Columbia, east to Idaho, Wyoming, and western Nebraska, south to Oklahoma and Texas, and west to California, Baja California, and further south into Mexico. Introduced in eastern United States.

Found in arid scrub and brush, thornbush, oak/juniper, pine/oak associations, chaparralClick word for definition, open woodlands, towns, cultivated lands, and savannas.

Eats seeds, plant buds and blossoms, and fruits (approximately 86% of diet is seeds). Nestlings are fed regurgitated seeds.

Usually builds nest in tree, but may sometimes nest in shrub or building; may also take nest from other species. Forages on ground, or takes food from foliage. Forms flocksClick word for definition when not breeding.

Female incubatesClick word for definition 2-6 eggs (usually 4-5), for 12-14 days. Young are tended by both parents, leave nest in 14-19 days, and are fed by parents for 2-3 wk after leaving nest.

Element Code:


Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5
National Rank: N5

Important State References:
No references are available at this time.

Photo by C. S. Robbins, George Jameson, ©2002 and C. Trost,© 1999
Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.