4-5" (10-13 cm). Bluish-gray above, white below; long black tail edged with white; narrow white eye-ring. Males have black on forehead.
Similar Species- Black-tailed Gnatcatcher
Call is repeated, raspy zhees. Song is a wheezy: keer-chit-chi-keer-keer.
Breeds from southern South Dakota, central Nevada, southern Utah, Oregon, portions of upper Midwest, southern Ontario, and portions of New England, south to southern Baja California, Guatemala, Gulf Coast, and Florida. Winters along coastal southeastern U.S., south to Central America.
Found in deciduous forests, open woodlands, second growth, scrub, brushy areas, and chaparral. In winter, found in wide range of brushy habitats. In Idaho, species is associated with juniper stands.
Insects and other small invertebrates.
Takes food from foliage; may hover while foraging. Builds nest on limb, or in fork of tree. Breeding pairs establish territory which male defends, occasionally assisted by female. In California study, breeding territories averaged 4.6 ac, and ranged from 2.2-7.4 ac.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
Taylor, D.M. and C.H. Trost. 1987. The status of rare birds in Idaho. Murrelet 68:69-93.