5-5 3/4" (13-15 cm). Breeding adults have distinct chestnut brown cap, white eyebrow, black stripe through eye, gray cheek, and white throat. Winter adults and juveniles have duller streaked crown. All are gray below and reddish-brown back streaked with black.
Similar Species- Clay-colored Sparrow
A monotonous rattle.
Breeds from Alaska, Yukon, and British Columbia, east to Newfoundland, and south to northern Baja California, Nicaragua, and Gulf Coast. Winters from southwestern and central U.S., south to northern Nicaragua.
Builds cup-shaped nest in coniferous tree, in vines, or occasionally on ground. Forages primarily on ground; may also take food from foliage or shrubs.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
Hejl, S.J. and R.E. Woods. 1990. Bird assemblages in old-growth and rotation-aged Douglas-fir/Ponderosa pine stands in the northern Rocky Mountains: a preliminary assessment. Pp. 93-100 in D.M. Baumgartner and J.E. Lotan, eds., Proceedings of a Symposium on Interior Douglas-fir: the species and its management. Feb. 27, 1990, Spokane WA.