(Dark-eyed [Oregon] Junco)
5-6 1/4" (13-16 cm). Has black hood and brownish-gray body. Female has lighter hood.
Similar Species- Yellow-eyed Junco
Loose, musical trill and a sharp tik.
Breeds across Alaska and portions of Canada, south to northern Baja California, central Arizona, western Texas, Appalachians to northern Georgia, and southern New England. Winters from southern Canada, south through U.S. to southern Florida, southern Texas, and northern Mexico.
Found in coniferous and deciduous forests, forest edges, clearings, bogs, open woodlands, brushy areas adjacent to forests, and burned-over lands. During migration and in winter, found in variety of open woodlands, and in brushy and grassy habitats.
Builds cup-shaped nest on ground, frequently against vertical surface. Occasionally builds in tree, shrub, or on building. Forages on ground, or takes insects in air. Forms small flocks in winter; may forage with other species (e.g., chickadees, sparrows). Species is 1 of 7 neotropical migrants thought to be declining in Idaho.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
Douglas, D.C., J.T. Ratti, R.A. Black, and J.R. Alldredge. 1992. Avian habitat associations in riparian zones of Idaho's Centennial Mountains. Wilson Bull. 104:485- 500.