6 1/2-8" (17-20 cm). Brownish-olive above with tail more rusty; eye-ring whitish. Whitish below with brownish spotting. Often flicks tail.
Similar Species- Swainson's Thrush and Veery
Eerie song begins with a long, clear whistle followed by flute-like warbles. Often changes pitch from one rendition to the next.
Breeds from portions of Alaska and Canada, south to southern California, western Texas, northern Minnesota, northeastern Ohio, and Virginia. Winters from southern British Columbia, southern Ontario, and northern U.S., south to southern Baja California, Central America, Texas, and Gulf Coast.
Eats insects, other invertebrates, and some small fruits.
Builds cup-shaped nest, frequently in moist situations, on ground or low in tree or shrub. Forages on ground. May also take food from foliage, or hover while foraging.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
Hejl, S.J. and L.C. Paige. 1993. Birds in continuous and fragmented forests of western red cedar/western hemlock in northern Idaho: a preliminary assessment. Draft manuscript, Inter. Res. Sta., USDA Forest Service, Missoula. 18pp.