Size: 5.25-6" (13-15cm). Dark gray above (maybe with a slight olive tinge). buff throat and breast. Belly pale yellow. Thin white eye ring and wing bars.
Similar Species- Most Empidonax flycatchers are so similar in appearance that it is nearly impossible to tell them apart be sight alone without a bird in hand. Luckily, their songs and calls along with habitat are good diagnostics.
A three-parted Trip-per-Wheet! with the last note higher. Note is a dry Whit!
Breeds from portions of western Canada and western U.S., south to southern California, southern Nevada, southwestern Utah, central Arizona, and central and northeastern New Mexico. Winters from southern California (casually), southern Arizona, and northern Mexico, south (mostly in highlands), to portions of Mexico, and casually south to northwestern Guatemala.
Found in brushy habitat, thickets, open coniferous forests, mountain chaparral, aspen groves, and cottonwood forests. Often found near water. During migration and in winter, found in deserts. In preliminary results of Montana-Idaho study, species was found to be associated with rotation-aged Douglas-fir stands.
Builds cup-shaped nest in shrub or tree (frequently juniper or sage). Hunts from perch, or forages in foliage.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
|National Rank:||N5B, NZN|
Hejl, S.J. and R.E. Woods. 1990. Bird assemblages in old-growth and rotation-aged Douglas-fir/Ponderosa pine stands in the northern Rocky Mountains: a preliminary assessment. Pp. 93-100 in D.M. Baumgartner and J.E. Lotan, eds., Proceedings of a Symposium on Interior Douglas-fir: the species and its management. Feb. 27, 1990, Spokane WA.