Tyrannus verticalis
(Western Kingbird)

Order: Passeriformes
Order Description: Passerines
Family: Tyrannidae
Family Description: Tyrant Flycatchers

Physical Description:
8-9" (20-23 cm). Gray head with black bill, eye-stripe and eye; whitish back and breast; orange-yellow belly; dusky wings; black tail with white outer feathers.

Similar Species- Eastern, Cassin's, and Tropical kingbirds.

A squeaky twit-twit tchery-ity-it.

Breeds from southwestern Canada, south to northern Baja California, northwestern mainland of Mexico and west-central Texas, and east to northwestern Ohio (rarely to Missouri). Winters mainly from Mexico, south to Costa Rica, and in small numbers in coastal southeastern United States.

Found in open and partly- open country, especially savannas, agricultural lands, and areas with scattered trees. May also be found in deserts.

Primarily insectivorousClick word for definition (eats wasps, beetles, moths, caterpillars, grasshoppers, and true bugs). Will also eat spiders, millipedes, and some fruits. May accasionally take tree frogs.

Feeds in air or on ground. Builds cup-shaped nest in tree, usually near trunk. Two or more pairs may nest in same tree. May drive hawks, crows, and jays away from nest.

clutchClick word for definition size varies from 3-5 eggs, but is often 4. Incubation lasts 12-14 days. Nestlings are tended by both parents. Reproductive success is positively correlated with insect abundance.

Element Code: ABPAE52050
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5,NTMB
National Rank: N5B

Important State References:
No references are available at this time.

Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.