8-9" (20-23 cm). Gray head with black bill, eye-stripe and eye; whitish back and breast; orange-yellow belly; dusky wings; black tail with white outer feathers.
Similar Species- Eastern, Cassin's, and Tropical kingbirds.
A squeaky twit-twit tchery-ity-it.
Breeds from southwestern Canada, south to northern Baja California, northwestern mainland of Mexico and west-central Texas, and east to northwestern Ohio (rarely to Missouri). Winters mainly from Mexico, south to Costa Rica, and in small numbers in coastal southeastern United States.
Found in open and partly- open country, especially savannas, agricultural lands, and areas with scattered trees. May also be found in deserts.
Primarily insectivorous (eats wasps, beetles, moths, caterpillars, grasshoppers, and true bugs). Will also eat spiders, millipedes, and some fruits. May accasionally take tree frogs.
Feeds in air or on ground. Builds cup-shaped nest in tree, usually near trunk. Two or more pairs may nest in same tree. May drive hawks, crows, and jays away from nest.
clutch size varies from 3-5 eggs, but is often 4. Incubation lasts 12-14 days. Nestlings are tended by both parents. Reproductive success is positively correlated with insect abundance.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
No references are available at this time.