Size: 6-6.5" (15-17cm). Dark olive-gray above and lighter gray below. slightly crested head. Lacks eye-ring. Two distinct white wing bars.
Similar Species- Empidonax flycatchers have white eye rings, rounder heads and longer tails. Easily separated by call.
A strong peee-a-wheeet! slurring up to the last syllable. Also a down-slurred peeer! Calls incessantly.
Breeds from east-central Alaska, south through western Canada to western U.S., southern Baja California, interior highlands of Mexico, and portions of Central America. Winters mainly in Colombia and Venezuela, south to Peru and Bolivia, and casually to Costa Rica.
Found in forests and forest edges and woodlands (especially coniferous or mixed coniferous/deciduous forests), and in poplar or riparian woodlands. Idaho study found preference for open canopy in cottonwood forest with willow subcanopy.
Feeds on wide variety of insects including bees, wasps, ants, and flies.
Builds concealed nest in tree at end of branch. Hunts from perch. Idaho study conducted in cottonwood forests indicated pewees were more strongly associated with agricultural landscapes compared to more natural landscapes and avoided campground areas.
|Status:||Protected nongame species|
Saab, V.A. 1996. Influences of spatial scale and land-use practices on habitat relationships of breeding birds in cottonwood riparian forests. Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. Colorado, Boulder. 140 pp.