Picoides tridactylus
(Three-toed Woodpecker)

Order: Piciformes
Order Description: Woodpeckers
Family: Picidae
Family Description: Woodpeckers

Physical Description:
Size: 8-9.5" (20-24cm). A black and white woodpecker. White ladder pattern on a black back. Black head with white facial stripes. Male has a yellow cap on its head. Black wings, rump and tail. Barred sides and white belly.

Similar Species- The Black-backed Woodpecker is larger and lacks the ladder pattern on its back. Hairy and Downy woodpeckers lack the barred sides and have a red cap.

Call is a squeaky pik! Also gives a dry rattle. Drumming similar to Black- backed woodpecker, sounds like a drum roll, increasing in tempo at the end.

Breeds, often locally, from northwestern and central Alaska to northern Saskatchewan and northern Labrador, and south to central Washington, central Arizona, south-central New Mexico, central Saskatchewan, northeastern Minnesota, northern New England, and southern Quebec. Wanders irregularly or casually north and south.

Found in coniferousClick word for definition forests (primarily spruce/fir and lodgepole, less frequently in mixed forests). Found also in willow thickets along streams, in high-elevation aspen groves, in swamps, and in burned-over coniferous forests.

Eats mainly wood-boring insects, but will also eat spiders, berries, and cambium.

Excavates cavities in tree or standing snag. Forages on tree bark. Few nests have been found in Idaho. In Oregon, home range size varied from 52-300 ha, depending on habitat quality.

Both sexes incubateClick word for definition 4 eggs (usually), for 14 days. Young are tended by both parents until fledging at 22-26 days.

Element Code: ABNYF07080
Status: Protected nongame species
Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S3
National Rank: N5

Important State References:
No references are available at this time.

Design by Ean Harker©1999, 2000.
Written by Jason Karl, 2000.