These understory, deciduous, rhizomatous shrubs with toothed, sometimes
shallowly-lobed, ovate leaves are usually about knee high, but can be as
much as a meter tall. The leaves are usually coarsely doubly serrate,
sometimes appearing almost lobed.
The ovate or obovate leaves have a dark green upper surface with a more
pale lower surface. They are commonly 2-7 cm long, doubly serrate and
sometimes slightly lobed.
in nearly flat-topped, fuzzy appearing (because of the exerted
stamens) corymbs 3-8 cm long; individual flowers small, 1-1.5 mm wide
hemispheric hypanthium; petals are off-white, sometimes with a pinkish
or lavender tinge: Stamens 25-50, exerted; five free pistils each with a
terminal, slender 1.5-2 mm long style terminated by a capitate stigma.
a leathery follicle about 3 mm long glabrous except for the ciliolate
suture; fusiform seeds 2-numerous in each follicle lacking endosperm at
understory plants in moist woodlands, moist streambanks and around
standing water, sometimes in talus slopes,
British Columbia southward to north central Oregon, up to 4000 feet
elevation in the Cascade Mountains, eastward up to 11,000 feet elevation
inland eastward to Sask , south to South Dakota and westward through
Wyoming, and Idaho; Also found in Asia.
These plants are usually free of insect problems and diseases. No uses
could be found.